With a long history, unique features, numerous styles, and exquisite cooking, Chinese cuisine is one of the important constituent parts of Chinese culture. Popular Chinese Dishes, traditional dishes are famous for their color, aroma, taste, meanings, and appearance.
As China is a huge country, there are many regional differences in cuisine due to differing climates ,history, local ingredients and dining customs, etc.
According to the cooking styles and regional flavors, Chinese cuisines can be divided into eight Chinse cuisines, which include Sichuan Cuisine, Hunan Cuisine, Shandong Cuisine, Zhejiang Cuisine, Fujian Cuisine, Anhui Cuisine, Cantonese Cuisine, and Jiangsu Cuisine. Each cuisine has its popular chinese dishes.
1. Fried Rice
Fried rice is a dish made from fried cooked rice and other ingredients, often including eggs, vegetables, seafood, or meat. Fried rice is one of the most common, Popular Chinese Dishes, and foods. It is easy to make fried rice at home using leftover rice and other meat or vegetables from the meal.
It was said that an important diplomatic official in the late Qing Dynasty (1644–1912), Li Hongzhang, order his chef to cook a dish, Chinese people and foreigners would like. The chef made fried rice, which was enjoy by the foreign guests and officials.
The most famous fried rice in China is Yangzhou fried rice. Typical Yangzhou fried rice ingredients include shrimp, eggs, and barbecued pork.
2. Kung Pao Chicken
It is a famous Sichuan-style specialty, popular with Chinese and foreigners. The major ingredients are diced chicken, dried chili, cucumber, and fried peanuts, (or cashews).
People (Chinese takeaways) in Western countries have create a Western-style kung pao chicken, for which the diced chicken is cover with cornstarch, and vegetables, sweet and sour sauce, and mash garlic are mix See How to Cook Kung Pao Chicken for a classic recipe and its history.
3. Sweet and Sour Pork
It has a bright orange- and red color, and a delicious sweet and sour taste. The very beginning there was only sweet and sour pork but to meet demands and there have been some developments on this dish. Now, the pork can be substitute with other ingredients like chicken, beef, or pork ribs.
You might think that sweet and sour pork was invent in the US. but It’s a real dish that exists at China. Not only does it exist it’s very popular, you will see it in many restaurants.
4. Hot Pot
It is one of the most popular dishes in China, and especially in Sichuan Province and Chongqing. People cook in and eat from a simmering pot of soup stock (broth) on a gas/induction hob in the middle of the dining table with foodstuffs and condiments around the pot. People can add and cook whatever they like in the broth. The secret of whether a hot pot is good or not lies in the broth, which all the meat slices & vegetables take their flavor from.
Chinese people are very fond of hot pot. In the past hot pot use to be favore only in winter, but nowadays hot pot has been appearing on tables all year round. It is a great way to socialize with friends and relatives. People gather around the pot to eat while chatting, eating, drinking, and having fun.
5. Chow Mein
It is the Cantonese pronunciation of the Mandarin chǎomiàn, which means ‘stir-fried noodles’. This stir-fried dish consists of noodles and meat (usually chicken, beef, shrimp, or pork), onions, and celery.
For making chow mein, the noodles need to be cook up n boiling water for a while. After they cool comes the step of stir-frying.
There is an interesting story about the origin of chow mein. . She was making food for workers who were building a great dam to prevent flooding of the Yellow River. She found that food went bad easily and fast in the hot weather. So, she invent chow mein meanwhile can be keep for a longer time and is easily reheat and eaten. Since then, stir-frying has become a popular way of cooking noodles.